What Is Hardware in Computer 2024? Understanding the Basics

What is hardware in ComputerWhat is hardware in Computer

What is hardware in Computer

What is Hardware in Computer? In today’s post, you will know what is hardware and how many types are there? If you are interested in Computer, then you must have heard about these two words Hardware and Software. Because it is both the main computer parts, without these the computer has no existence. This is exactly the same as a person without body and mind. That is why if you understand the functionality of these parts of the computer, then you can troubleshoot the basic computer problem very easily.

The definition of hardware and its function is completely different from software. But it is also true that it is not without any other use. Actually, hardware does one type of work of computer and software is of another kind, therefore in the absence of one, the other is no longer of any use. So let’s start this post and know with examples, What is Hardware in Computer.

What is Hardware

What is hardware

Physical elements of computer that we can see and touch are called “Hardware”. For example Keyboard, Mouse, Monitor, Printer, Motherboard, Ram etc. are all computer hardware. In fact, hardware is a collective term used to describe computer parts. Hardware is usually directed by the software to execute any commands or instructions.

Computers do not exist without hardware (HW). Because a computer can be completed only after meeting them. A simple example of this is that the screen in which you are reading this article right now, whether it is a computer or a mobile phone, its screen is a hardware.

Computer hardware is divided into two main parts.

Internal Hardware – Internal components that are not usually visible to us as they are present inside the computer case. To see them, we have to open the computer. The list of internal hardware is given below.



Central processing unit (CPU)


PSU (Power supply)

NIC (Network card)

Heat Sink (Fan)

GPU (Graphical processing unit)

External Hardware – External components, also called peripheral components, are associated with computers from outside. These include Input and output device, whose list is given below.






Hardware type

You have already realized that computer hardware refers to the physical parts with which a computer is built. We have given you many examples of this above. During the example you may have seen this many. That is why they are divided into different catagory.

Below Computer Hardware has been classified into four different categories, which will make it easier for you to understand them.

1) Input Device

Under this comes the hardware device, which performs the task of sending data to the computer. It is only through this that users make contact with computers and get them done. Overall, by using them, you are able to control and interact with computer. The easiest example of this is your keyboard, it allows the user to input alphanumeric data and commands into the computer. Think if the keyboard was not part of it, would you have been able to use the computer. There are many computer hardware under the input device, some of the main examples are given below.





2) Output Device

In this, the computer hardware comes, which works to make the computer data accessible to the user or to make it compatible. For example, computer screen which we call monitor. The monitor is the main output device of the computer. It works to convey any data to you. That is, whatever instruction you feed in the computer, its output is visible to you through them. Through the output device, the computer is able to communicate with the user and other hardware device. Some examples of these are given below, which you will understand by reading the output device.



Touch screen



3) Processing Device

When you send data to a computer through a keyboard or another input device, it passes through an intermediate stage before being sent to a data monitor or an output device. This is the stage where raw data is converted into information. Processing device is the hardware of the computer that handles this intermediate stage. They are also called internal memory devices.

Below are some prominent examples of this.


CPU (Central processing unit)

GPU (Graphics processing unit)

Network card

4) Storage Device

It is the computing hardware that performs the task of maintaining and storing data. Storage device is one of the core components of any computer device. It stores almost all the data and application on the computer. For example, a standard computer has many storage devices including RAM, Cach and Hard disk.

There are two types of storage device in a computer.

Primary Storage Device – This storage device is used to hold data temporarily. They are very small in size. Due to which it is internal to the computer. The primary storage device has the fastest data access speed. These include Ram and Cach Memory.

Secondary Storage Device – These devices have large storage capacity. In addition, it stores the data permanently (permanently). It is present inside or outside the computer. The main examples of these are optical disk drive, hard disk and USB storage device.

What is the difference between hardware and software

Till now we have known that both hardware and software is the most important part of the computer. They do different tasks for the computer, due to which there are many differences between them. So let’s understand what is the difference between them.


So hopefully, by reading this article, you will have come to know what is Hardware and how many types are there? In this post, we have tried to share with you the complete hardware information. How correct is this attempt, is there an error in this article? Please let us know in the comment. Suggestion of our readers is very important for us. In the end, if you found this information informative and learned something through it, then share it with your friends on facebook, instagram. 

Also Check: What is Hard Disk Definition Functions and Types

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