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What are common Knee Injuries, what their possible solutions?
The knee is a complex joint of many components, bones, and ligaments. A knee is composed of various components that are vulnerable to injuries. Some of the common types of injuries that happen or change the overall structure are:
- Ligament tears
Many knees are treated successfully with simple diagnosis, bracing, and rehabilitation exercise. Other injuries require medication. best orthopedic hospital in Hyderabad. It is a 200 bedded orthopedic center that specializes in other fields like neurology, pediatrics, gynecology, general surgery, and critical care. The hospital is equipped with the latest and advanced technology of Germany. It has gained years of experience in providing quality care to all patients in India. You can look to consult orthopedic doctors for a second opinion.
Common knee injuries
The knee is made of many important structures. It consists of the joint of four important components:
There are chances that either the bones, cartilage, or ligaments get hurt. These further lead to impairment with the structure of the knee. Pain and swelling are the other common types of injuries that can be treated through medication. In addition, your knee may catch up or lock up. This may further lead to instability and a feeling of discomfort. There is more than one knee injury that is common in medical science and the real world. These injuries include:
The most common type of fracture happens with the bone called Patella. There can also be other possibilities of fracture. For example, the broken joint between femur and tibia bones. Many of the fractures in the knees are caused by sudden trauma such as fall from a significant height, motor vehicle collision, etc.
A dislocation takes place when the bones of the knees are out of their original place. This happens when the bones are either partially or completely dislocated. This condition can further create abnormality in the structure of the knees. This can happen due to high-energy trauma. Some of the activities include sports-related contact, a sudden fall or injury, vehicle crash, etc.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries
The anterior cruciate ligament is often caused due to sports injuries. The athletes who are energetically involved in any sport like soccer, basketball, football that may further involve high jump or knee bend are more vulnerable to such type of injury. Changing direction or landing from a high jump may tear the bones inside the knee. The ACL ligament gets hurt or may cause injury to other structures like the meniscus, articular cartilage, etc.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injuries
In such a condition, the posterior cruciate ligament gets hurt due to a blow while the knee is in bending condition. This may take place during a sporting event or motor vehicle crash. There tends to be a partial tear with the involvement of the bone that further comes with the potential to heal on its own.
Collateral Ligament Injuries
In this type of injury, the bone is either hit sideways or from the front. This happens due to contact injuries. Blow to the inside of the knee pushes the knee outwards which may further hurt the collateral ligament. This type of injury takes place less frequently compared to other injuries.
The meniscus is a C-shaped rubbery cartilage that helps in the movement of the knee. It may take place during the movement of hard-to-hit objects. The meniscus tear takes place because of twisting, cutting, and pivoting the tackled bone. Meniscus tears can also take place due to arthritis or aging. There may take place a small movement that may involve a sudden hit while standing up from the chair. This small movement is enough to cause meniscus tear especially if the meniscus has weakened due to age.
Anyone (irrespective of age) can have tendon tears. This generally occurs with the middle-aged or teenagers who are experiencing playing, running, or jumping rope or involved in any heavy sports activity. Sudden fall, a direct force from the front of the knee, landing awkwardly from a jump may further cause tendon injuries.
Treatment of Knee Injuries
When you are first injured follow the RICE method (rest, ice, gentle compression, and elevation). This will help you recover faster. Track your activities and make sure you consult your orthopedic doctor for the same. If you are facing any of the following events, try to reach a doctor for immediate treatment:
- Severe pain
- If you hear a popping noise and your knee make you feel discomfort while walking
- When you cannot move your knees
- When you feel swelling at the joints or skin of your knee area
Moreover, the type of treatment depends on various factors such as age, activity level, and general health. There are two types of treatments. These are:
Many fractures and injuries in the knee area require surgery to fully recover or correct the position of bones. Surgery can be done with the help of small instruments for example in case of an ACL tear. These may involve the use of small incisions. Small incisions let surgeons look into the deep areas of the injured structure.
There are different types of non-surgical treatments. These include:
- Immobilization: Your doctor may use the braces to prevent the knee from moving. This helps them to heal. You may be provided with crutches to prevent you from putting weight on your knees.
- Physical therapy: Your doctor may recommend you perform certain exercises so that your knee may restore normal functioning.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines: Drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen help to avoid pain and swelling.
Where to seek help for injured knees?
The staff and the doctors of the hospital have attained a center of excellence in different specialties. The hospital provides access to top-notch and highly qualified machinery. The name of the hospital withstands alone in the industry in terms of using quality technical gadgets. You can rely on Germanten Hospital for your healthcare services.
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