What are the common complications of kidney stones?

What are the common complications of kidney stones?What are the common complications of kidney stones?

What are the common complications of kidney stones?

If you feel extreme discomfort in your stomach or one side of your back that comes and goes, you may be passing a kidney stone. Let us discuss the agonizing problem of kidney stones. A kidney stone is a collection of small crystals in the kidney or urinary system. They can occur in weeks or months if your urine includes an excessive amount of certain chemicals. Men and individuals with a family history of kidney stones are more likely to develop stones. Environmental factors such as geography and food can also have an impact. Too much salt, soda, calories, and meat are all dietary issues. Stones are less likely in those who eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. People with metabolic syndrome, certain weight-loss operations, urinary tract blockage, or recurring infection in the urine are more susceptible to developing stones. However, these kidney stones are not life-threatening. But, if they are bigger, they can cause severe complications and discomfort. Mediapolis life care hospital provides surgery treatment to treat kidney stones in a patient.  

Signs may indicate a kidney stone – The size of certain kidney stones is comparable to a grain of sand. Others are the size of pebbles. The bigger the stone, the more evident the symptoms are in general. One or more of the following symptoms might be present if you have a kidney stone:

  • lower back’s both sides are in excruciating discomfort
  • a more generalized discomfort or a stomach ache that won’t go away
  • pee with blood in it
  • vomiting or nausea
  • chills and fever
  • urine with a foul odor or a hazy appearance

When a kidney stone creates irritation or obstruction, it begins to pain. This irritation or obstruction quickly escalates into excruciating pain. Kidney stones pass in most cases without inflicting harm, but not without causing a great deal of discomfort. For tiny stones, pain medications would be the best option. Other treatments may be required, particularly if the stones are causing long-term problems or causing other issues. However, in severe situations, surgery may come into the picture. You can also consult a nephrologist at Mediapolis life care hospital to discuss overall treatment options for kidney stone removal.

Possible complications of kidney stones –

Kidney stones can cause major medical consequences and generate symptoms such as pain, vomiting, and blood in the urine. These are some of them:

  • Septicemia (blood poisoning), which can be fatal, is one of the most serious illnesses.
  • Irreversible renal scarring and damage culminating in renal failure.
  • Loss of renal function needs kidney removal (nephrectomy).
  • When a big kidney stone passes through the urethra and becomes trapped, a bladder obstruction occurs, resulting in severe urine retention.

When a patient has symptoms of renal stone disease, he/she must visit a nephrologist to confirm the diagnosis and rule out alternative causes. Diagnosis tests will reveal the presence of a stone and its size and location, as well as whether or not there are any consequences such as infection or renal failure. The doctor may recommend or suggest the best possible treatment option depending on all these factors.

Treatment option for kidney stone – Kidney treatment may depend on the patient’s overall health and the size of the stone. You can discuss with a nephrology doctor about all risks and complications that may occur after the surgery or treatment. Below are the treatment options for kidney stones –

  • Shock wave lithotripsy: This procedure is the least invasive for treating kidney stones. Doctors use a machine that generates a targeted high-energy shock wave to the kidney stone under imaging guidance for shock wave lithotripsy. Urologists target the stone to break into pieces that patients pass on their own in their urine.
  • Ureteroscopy: Ureteroscopy involves inserting a tiny, illuminated tube up the urethra, the tube that empties the bladder and empties the pee outside of the body. It pulls the stone out with a little wire basket. Larger stones or stones lodged in the ureter may be broken down with a tiny laser instrument through the scope.
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy or nephrolithotripsy: To do percutaneous nephrolithotomy, urologists make a tiny cut in the patient’s back and insert a nephroscope or tube with a camera on end. This scope allows surgeons to access the kidney. Nephrolithotomy is performed when these instruments are used to remove a kidney stone. The treatment is called nephrolithotripsy if they first break up the stone.
  • Robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrolithotomy – Robotic-assisted nephrolithotomy may be performed if the stone is large. Small abdominal incisions allow doctors to put a scope and tiny surgical equipment into the kidney to extract the stone. The surgeon controls these instruments from a computer in the Operating room.

On Credihealth, you may arrange an appointment with a doctor at Mediapolis life care hospital and obtain a treatment or operation cost estimate. Credihealth, an online healthcare site, allows users to book online appointments and teleconsultations with only one click. Credihealth, an online healthcare service, helps clients find the best physicians and hospitals in India’s major cities, schedule priority appointments, and estimate hospital treatment and surgery costs. You may use Credihealth to get a second opinion, a cost analysis, or a doctor’s appointment, or you can rate and suggest a doctor. You can also raise a call back request to get any medical assistance at 8010-994-994.

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Bhanu Garg: