A hernia occurs when a muscle or area of any part of the body develops a tear or weak point that allows the internal organ to push through it. While hernia can occur in several places of the human body and while people talk about hernia in general, they usually mean by inguinal type of hernia. This is the small area of the bowel that gets affected and that pushes a weak segment of muscle in the groin. In case you have a hernia that is showing some noticeable symptoms you can find a surgeon to consult for hernia who will prioritize all the factors to look after the disorder. You can move forward with the surgery as this is the only way to remove the muscle that protrudes out of the muscle part.
The most common types of hernia are:
Inguinal Hernia: it is a passage for the spermatic cord and blood vessel that leads to testicles in men. In women, it is the canal that contains ligaments supporting the womb. In this type of hernia, fatty tissue or the part of the intestine protrudes out of the groin at the top of the inner thigh. This is the most common type of hernia that occurs in men in comparison to women.
Femoral Hernia: This is the very less common type of hernia that mostly occurs in older women in comparison to other gender types. It appears as a painful lump in the inner part of the thigh or groin. It can disappear when you lie down or can be pushed back with some kind of exercise. It can appear when you cough or strain your body part.
Umbilical Hernia: in this type of hernia, fatty tissues or the part of the intestine are pushed through the abdomen near the belly point.
Hiatal Hernia: This is also called by the name hiatus hernia which protrudes when a part of the stomach is pushed into the chest through an opening of the diaphragm. It appears like a horizontal sheet of muscle that further penetrates from the abdomen through the chest.
Doctors to see when you are overburdened by the pain of a hernia
Some people don’t even notice a hernia because it doesn’t produce such symptoms. While certain people get affected by the severe painful hernia because of dealing with heartburn and indigestion like what happens in hiatal hernia. In that case patients must consult for hernia immediately with the doctor as Sometimes, the symptoms are more persistent that it becomes easier to identify the same, for example, heartburn and stomach pain.
In most cases, self-care and medications are enough to treat hernia as the symptoms associated with it are minute. However, if a hernia is large it may require the patient to go through surgery. You can consider looking for:
- A general surgeon
Treatment is often done by a general surgeon who looks over the type of groin that is needed to be repaired. Hernia of any kind requires surgical repair. A physical exam is needed to be carried that further helps to diagnose the same. The doctor may check the bulge in the area while standing or coughing so that hernia may become prominent.
- A gastroenterologist
Your gastroenterologist will require examining the type of hernia first. These include several types of tests that can further determine the condition. This includes barium swallow, endoscopy, and a pH test. Once your type of hernia is determined you need to go for the next step that is to create a treatment plan to manage the symptoms. Again, you can consult a gastroenterologist for hiatal hernia and hiatal hernia often goes unnoticed as its symptoms don’t appear sometimes. In such a case, treatment is less required. However, if it is painful, it may require a little change in the lifestyle which may further include:
- Eating smaller meals
- Avoiding taking acid and alcohol or caffeine
- Quitting smoking
- Eating before 3-4 hours before going to bed
- Avoiding tight clothes
When a bulge can be felt in a certain area, it becomes noticeable doing certain activities like laughing, sneezing, picking heavy objects, and coughing. In such a case, the groin is examined by the physician. On the same hand, a hernia can be difficult to examine because it is the extension of little muscle that protrudes out of the body part. It further can be detected using ultrasound, imaging study, and CT scan. It may allow the detection. In such a case, a urologist can be a healthcare provider who first diagnoses the type of hernia and later studies the type using CT scan or ultrasound or using urosurgery. Urosurgery is the medical specialty that helps to identify various disorders or diseases like inguinal hernia, bladder tumor, total cystectomy, and many more.
The only way to treat hernia is through the surgical way. A patient needs surgery that depends on the size of the hernia or the severity of the symptoms. Your doctor may simply want to treat it using different methods. This may require the use of a truss that is a special kind of undergarment that supports the type of hernia and holds it in place. Always look for your doctor in case you persist with hernia or any other type and make sure that the truss perfectly fits your type of hernia.
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