What is Cardiac Arrhythmia : Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Types

What is Cardiac ArrhythmiaWhat is Cardiac Arrhythmia

What is Cardiac Arrhythmia

Cardiac Arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat. It occurs when the heart is not properly working. Besides, the heart rhythm is imbalanced and an abnormal heartbeat appears. The faulty signaling triggers the heart to defeat also rapid (tachycardia), as well sluggish (bradycardia) or off-and-on. 

Heart arrhythmias might seem like a fluttering or competing heart as well as might be safe. However, the experts at Jaslok Hospital explain, some heart arrhythmias may create troublesome– in some cases even serious– symptoms and signs. 

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia could not cause obvious symptoms. The heart doctor at Jaslok Hospital may detect an arrhythmia from the medical check-up. In addition, the doctor may detect the condition from an electrocardiogram (EKG). Even if a private notices signs, it does not necessarily mean that they have an extreme arrhythmia. However, some people with harmful arrhythmias may have no signs besides, while others with signs might not have an extreme arrhythmia.

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Wooziness.
  • Collapsing or virtually fainting.
  • Trembling in the upper body.
  • Upper body pain.
  • Faintness.
  • Unexpected weak point.
  • Angina or chest pain.
  • Difficulty focusing.
  • Complication.
  • Locating exercise is harder than typical.
  • Lightheadedness.
  • Tiredness.
  • Impaired thinking.
  • Palpitations.
  • Lack of breath.
  • Fainting or virtually fainting.
  • Excessive sweating.

Diagnosis of Cardiac Arrhythmia

The doctor has to determine the unstable heart rhythm. In addition, it helps to diagnose arrhythmia. Besides, during the diagnosis, the patient may experience triggering symptoms. Furthermore, it will certainly include a thorough meeting, discussing case history, family history, diet plan, and lifestyle. A medical professional might request the complying with tests to sustain an arrhythmia medical diagnosis:

  • blood and pee.
  • EKG.
  • A Holter display, a wearable device to videotape the heart for 1– 2 days.
  • Echocardiogram.
  • Breast X-ray.
  • A tilt-table examination to help recognize if sudden reductions in blood pressure or heart price are the reason.
  • Electrophysiologic testing.
  • Heart catheterization.

Treatment for Cardiac Arrhythmia

  1. Vagal maneuvers: Certain activities and exercises that a person can perform at home may stop some sorts of arrhythmia that begin above the reduced fifty percent of the heart.
  2. Medicines: These will certainly not heal an arrhythmia but are generally reliable in lowering the number of tachycardia episodes. Some medicines likewise advertise electrical conduction with the heart.
  3. Cardioversion: The doctor may utilize an electrical shock or drug to reset the heart’s rhythm.
  4. Ablation treatment: A surgeon inserts one or more catheters into the inner heart. They position the catheters in locations of the heart that they believe may be the resource of the arrhythmia. The doctor will, after that, use them to destroy small areas of damaged cells, which typically deals with arrhythmia.
  5. (ICD): The heart surgeon uses the device and implants it in the left collarbone. The gadget then keeps an eye on the heart rhythm. If it finds an abnormally fast price, it stimulates the heart to go back to its typical speed.
  6. Puzzle procedure: Throughout the labyrinth treatment, a doctor makes a collection of surgical incisions in the heart. These after that recover right into scars and type blocks that overview the electrical impulses, assisting the heart to defeat effectively.
  7. Ventricular aneurysm surgical treatment: Often, an aneurysm, or lump, in a blood vessel that causes the heart can trigger arrhythmia. If other treatments are ineffective, a surgeon may eliminate the aneurysm.
  8. Coronary bypass surgery: A doctor implants arteries or capillaries from somewhere else in the body on the coronary arteries. It helps the flow bypass any regions that have become narrow and enhances the blood supply to the heart’s muscular tissue.

Types of Cardiac Arrhythmia

In general, heart arrhythmias are organized by the speed of the heart price. As an example:

  • Tachycardia is a quick heart. The relaxing heart rate is more than 100 beats a minute.
  • Bradycardia is a slow heartbeat. The relaxing heart price is less than 60 beats a min.

Risk Factor

In some cases with an arrhythmia may be put on a heart pacemaker or valve, an electronic cardioverter-defibrillator, or an unenhanced sinus rhythm. 

If you are experiencing signs and symptoms of an arrhythmia, contact your physician for a medical diagnosis. 

A heart rhythm problem is called an arrhythmia. The most frequent type of patient with an arrhythmia is with at least one significant symptom and a sign of an abnormal heartbeat. The experts usually refer to such patients as “at-risk” or “high risk” groups. 


Cardiac arrhythmia can cause many complications in the heart. Yet, the symptoms are easy to detect. However, if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, please seek medical attention without delay. 

  • Chest pain that you can distinctly feel and hear.
  • Pain in the left shoulder or arm persists for more than a few minutes at a time.
  • Palpitations, which is an abnormally rapid heartbeat.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness that lasts for more than a few seconds at a time.

Furthermore, it is wise to do a complete heart check-up to reduce the risk of arrhythmia. In addition, you can get a complete medical check-up from Jaslok Hospital through Credihealth. You can browse necessary information such as doctor’s qualification, expertise, and clinical experience.

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Bhanu Garg: