What Causes Protein in Urine Mean 2023 Updated

What Causes Protein in Urine MeanWhat Causes Protein in Urine Mean

What Causes Protein in Urine Mean

Urine can reveal a lot about your health and lifestyle. It is urine that is produced when blood flows through the kidneys, which filter out extra waste and water. This waste passes through ureter tubes and is held in the bladder until you urinate. Sometimes a person’s urine contains exceptionally high levels of protein. The syndrome is frequently a symptom of kidney illness. The medical condition is known as Proteinuria. Patients with protein in urine condition can consult a urologist in Gurgaon to accurately diagnose the disease or kidney problem. However, There could be several causes for the Proteinuria problem. This blog will help you understand possible causes and treatment for the problem.

What are the Possible causes of protein in urine?

Protein in urine is frequently caused by relatively benign (non-cancerous) or transitory medical problems.  Dehydration, inflammation, and low blood pressure are examples of these. Protein in urine can also be caused by intense exercise or activity, emotional stress, aspirin medication, and exposure to cold temperatures. Proteinuria can also be caused by a kidney stone in the urine tract.

For some instant, Proteinuria (Protein in urine) can be an early sign of chronic kidney disease, a slow decline of kidney function that may eventually necessitate dialysis or a kidney transplant. Diabetes and high blood pressure can harm the kidneys and are the leading causes of renal disease.

Other kidney-harming disorders and medical conditions that might cause Proteinuria include:

  • Lupus and Goodpasture’s syndrome are examples of immune illnesses.
  • Kidney inflammation that is sudden and severe (glomerulonephritis)
  • Plasma cell cancer (multiple myeloma)
  • Intravascular hemolysis is the breakdown of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin into the circulation.
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Preeclampsia is the development of hypertension and Proteinuria in a pregnant woman at the same time.
  • Poisoning
  • Trauma
  • Kidney cancer
  • Heart failure with congestive edema

Sometimes various disorders or birth defects may also cause protein in the urine. Early detection and treatment is a must as it may lead to anemia and other serious complication in patients.

What Are the Signs of Protein in the Urine?

When a person first develops kidney difficulties, he or she may not notice any signs. This is why a urine test can be useful in detecting protein in the urine, which may signal the presence of kidney disease early on.

Symptoms of renal disease can include, in addition to Proteinuria:

  • Urine that is foamy or bubbly
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Urination occurs frequently.
  • Fatigue
  • Hand, foot, or facial swelling
  • Parched Skin
  • Sleeping problems
  • The metallic aftertaste in the mouth
  • Hiccups
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Having difficulty concentrating

Protein in the urine can also indicate preeclampsia, a potentially fatal condition that causes high blood pressure and necessitates hospitalization if you are pregnant. Headaches, visual abnormalities, abdominal pain, nausea, decreased urine output, and shortness of breath are all symptoms of preeclampsia.

Is Proteinuria diagnosed easily?

When Proteinuria first develops, there are no symptoms. Swelling in the hands, feet, and face is possible. Furthermore, urine may appear foamy. Only laboratory testing can determine whether or not this disease process is present in a patient’s body. As an extra test for kidney disease, a doctor may request a creatinine test. The condition may occur in a patient due to diabetes, high blood pressure, or disorders that cause inflammation in the kidneys. This is why doctors frequently conduct albumin in urine tests as part of a normal medical evaluation for individuals who have these diseases or show indications of these disease processes. Proteinuria must be identified since it can be an early sign of chronic renal disease. If left untreated, it can lead to end-stage renal failure.

What are the causes of Proteinuria?

A variety of variables improve the probability of developing Proteinuria. Proteinuria does not occur in all people who have risk factors. Among the risk factors are:

  • Aging
  • Heart failure with congestive edema
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive physical activity
  • Genetic Factors
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Kidney disease

How is a protein in urine detected?

A urinalysis, or urine test, can determine whether you have too much protein in your urine. During which your doctor may test your urine. A lab technician will dip a stick with chemicals on end into the solution. If the color of the stick changes, it indicates that there is too much protein in it. This test may need to be repeated to determine how long the protein has been present.

The urine will also be examined under a microscope by the technician. They’re looking for things that shouldn’t be there, which could indicate renal issues. Red and white blood cells, crystals, and microorganisms are examples.

If your doctor suspects you have kidney disease, you may need additional urine testing. Your doctor may also prescribe:

  • Blood tests – These test the effectiveness of your kidneys by measuring specific substances.
  • Imaging examinations – Ultrasounds and CT scans can detect kidney stones, tumors, and other obstructions.
  • Kidney biopsy – Your doctor may need to extract a small sample of kidney tissue to be examined under a microscope by a lab technician.

How is a protein in urine treated?

Proteinuria (protein in urine) treatment begins with obtaining medical attention from a urology specialist. Your doctor will ask you to produce a urine sample for laboratory testing to identify if you have Proteinuria. The underlying cause determines proteinuria treatment.  However, the purpose of treatment is to minimize the quantities of protein in the urine.  Several methods, including hypertensive treatment and, in the case of diabetic kidney disease, treatment to maintain normal blood glucose levels, have proven to be effective.

How to get help – Choosing the best urologist in Gurgaon for urinary tract-related issues can be a hassle. This problem seems bigger when you have consulted so many doctors and are still unable to find the actual cause of symptoms. credihealth can help you in finding the best urologist near you. The online healthcare portal works as a one-stop destination for all of your healthcare needs, such as making appointments with hospitals or doctors, scheduling a lab test, getting a second opinion, and obtaining home attendant services. Credihealth makes everything available in a single click, including teleconsultations, video consultations, expert advice, and cost estimate for treatment.

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