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Uterine Fibroids During Pregnancy 2023 Updated
Uterine Fibroids are tumors that are raised out of the muscles of the uterus. They are non-cancerous and their size may vary from a pea to as large as a grapefruit. These tumors can grow out of the wall uterus, inside the uterine cavity, or even within the wall of the uterus.
Sitaram Bhartia is a multispeciality hospital in the city of Goregaon. The hospital serves to provide all classes of healthcare facilities. The hospital is dedicated to its services providing the best medical care to its patients. Sitaram Bhartia is one of the top hospitals in the city of Mumbai that is ranked for its high-quality and best prestigious care. Be it orthopedics, cardiology, gynecology, obstetric, dental, pathology, and any other facility; the hospital serves to provide only the best in the industry.
How Common It Is to Have Uterine Fibroids During Pregnancy?
Many women may face the hindrance in their pregnancy due to these complications. They may occur to have different sizes of fibroids in the uterus which may develop or hinder the normal activity of pregnancy.
It is proven that 40-60 percent of women suffer because of fibroids during their pregnancy especially by the age of 35. Up to 80% of women have fibroids by the age of 50. But, detecting fibroids during pregnancy is not always easy. This is because these fibroids thicken the uterus muscles during pregnancy. For this reason, the chances of having hospital visits increases.
In most cases, having fibroids goes normal but sometimes, it can become challenging.
Problems During the First Trimester
Most of the time, fibroids don’t grow at all while you are pregnant. But, if it happens, it is most likely to take place during the first trimester or three months. This is because fibroids need the hormone estrogen to grow. And the female body produces more estrogen during pregnancy.
The primary problems that could occur are:
- Bleeding and pain
In a research of around 4,500 women researchers have found that 11% of women who had Uterine fibroids also had bleeding. The other group of 59% of women had pain while the remaining 30% of the women had both bleeding and pain during the first trimester.
Women with Uterine fibroids are more likely to miscarry their children during the early period of pregnancy. In case if these fibroids are larger, the chances of miscarriage even increase more.
Second and Third Trimesters
As the uterus expands itself during the pregnancy to provide room for the baby, it pushes itself against the uterine fibroids. This can cause several issues with pregnancy, for example:
This is the most common symptom of Uterine Fibroids During Pregnancy, especially if they’re large. Sometimes, fibroids twist themselves inside the uterus, causing pain, cramping, and discomfort. Other times, the fibroids outgrow the uterus causing the blood flow. This process is called “red degeneration”. It can cause severe stomach pains. It can also lead to miscarriage in some cases while for some others it just remains with the painful stomach.
- Placental abruption
With the help of studies, it is shown that the presence of uterine fibroids during pregnancy possess greater chances of placental abruption. In simple words, it means that the placenta tears away before the time of delivery causing problems to the growing embryo. The placenta is the medium to supply food, minerals, oxygen, and other substances to the baby. If the placenta breaks down before the time of delivery, it leads to excessive bleeding and can also cause mental illness in the mothers.
- Preterm delivery
If you are facing uterine fibroids during pregnancy, you are more likely to deliver your baby before 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Uterine fibroids increase the chances of having delivery with a cesarean section. This is because uterine fibroids block the birth canal, slow down the progress of labor, and retain the uterus from contracting. Women with uterine fibroids are more likely to have C-section delivery six times greater than women without fibroids. Another problem that may take place during pregnancy is breech birth. This is related to the change in position of the baby inside the womb of the mother. In normal birth, the baby comes out of the birth canal with its head first. In breech birth, the baby comes out with its feet or butt first.
If a woman is facing uterine fibroids during pregnancy (especially for the whole period and the baby survives), the fibroids are not likely to remain in the womb for a longer time. They generally shrink after the delivery as there remains no baby or any kind of obstruction in the womb.
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that grow inside the womb of the mother especially when she is having chances of pregnancy. This may impact the ability of the female to have a baby. However, there are also chances that a woman may not suffer because of these tumors when she is about to get pregnant.
If you have fibroids and wish to become pregnant, you may consult the doctors of Sitaram Bhartia. They decide the type of treatment and diagnosis together with the help of parents. They maintain a familiar and safest environment for the sake of the health of the patient.
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