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What is the difference between congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease?

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What is the difference between congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease?

You may wonder what the difference is between congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease. However, both are cardiovascular diseases that can range up to life fatal. Congestive heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to produce the energy needed by the body.

 Coronary artery disease is when lipids or fats are deposited inside the arteries or veins, leading to a heart attack.

 This article will examine the difference between congestive heart failure and artery disease, including all diagnosis symptoms, treatments, and many more.

What is congestive heart failure?

Congestive heart failure is when the heart cannot pump enough blood to produce sufficient energy needed by the body. The most common symptom is shortness of breath but other many e symptoms like swelling of legs and ankles, a dry cough Rapid weight gain are also a part of it.

One of the most common causes of heart failure is coronary artery disease, in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become narrowed and blocked. It is a serious cardiovascular disease.

What is coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease is a condition of atherosclerosis in which the deposition of fats and lipids inside the arteries and veins occurs and leads to blockage of muscles that provide blood to the heart and heart to blood. It can happen for various reasons, like fatty deposits on the wall of arteries.

When blood flow to your heart is restricted, it can lead to many problems, including chest pain, Heart Attack, and even heart failure.

What are the causes of heart failure?

Many factors are responsible for heart failure. One of the major causes is the poor lifestyle of those people getting chronic every day. The causes of heart failure include —

  • High blood pressure — high blood pressure retards the blood circulation of the body, which can lead to sudden heart failure. Patients with high blood pressure advise visiting a cardiologist as soon as possible.
  • Coronary artery disease — in coronary artery disease, the artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle becomes narrowed and blocked by fat deposition. It can reduce the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle and damage the heart muscles over time.
  • Myocarditis — myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart muscles viruses, including the covid-19 Virus, mostly cause it.
  • Other diseases — many other cardiovascular diseases such as faulty heart was congenital heart defect arrhythmia leads to heart failure.

Some causes of sudden cardiac heart failure are —

  • Allergic reactions
  • Severe infection
  • Interaction of drugs
  • Other body complications include clotting in the lungs

What are the causes of coronary artery disease? 

Coronary artery disease is the deposition of fats and lipids into the artery. Most of the causes of coronary artery disease lie in Lifestyle changes. Several factors can cause including —

  • Smoking — smoking is one of the major factors which can cause coronavirus artery disease as the smoke of cigarettes is absorbed by the alveoli in the lungs, causing this functioning of the lungs.                                           
  •  High cholesterol level — any person with high cholesterol level probability of deposition of fats in the arteries is more; hence it is advised to maintain the body’s cholesterol level.
  • High blood pressure — high blood pressure is the basic factor for both coronary artery disease and heart failure.
  • Diabetes — many other diseases, including diabetes and HIV, can lead to the deposition of arteries.

Talk to your doctor if you are concerned that you may be at risk of coronary artery disease. Their treatments can help prevent or control the disease.

What are the symptoms of heart failure?

In rare cases judging the symptoms of congestive heart failure is difficult because it can be a sudden change in the body caused by anxiety and depression. The symptoms of heart failure include —

  • Shortness of breath — shortness of breath means that you have a problem with breathing after a short time, even after doing nothing. This problem may be associated with atherosclerosis, the blockage of arteries and blood vessels due to fat accumulation.
  • Irregular Heartbeat — there are two types of irregular Heartbeat one is tachycardia, and the other is bradycardia. Arrhythmia is the condition caused by the case of irregular Heartbeat. It means that your heart is out of its normal rhythm.
  • Chest pain– chest pain is the symptom of many cardiovascular diseases, including angina and heart failure. Usually, pain in the chest is associated with lung capacity.
  • Weakness can have many causes, but if you feel it when you are not doing anything, it can be a problem related to hurt. Weakness related to heart disease can be a problem if your heart is not coming g properly and cannot produce enough energy to satisfy the body’s needs.
  • Choking sensation — choking sensation is a warning sign of a swallowing problem that can be associated. This problem feels like heartburn, bloating in digestion, and difficulty swallowing.

What are the symptoms of coronary artery disease?

 Mainly coronary artery disease, the fat deposition into the arteries can lead to many predictable symptoms. But how can you tell if you have coronary artery disease? Here are some common symptoms

  • Breathlessness — you may feel short of breath when you are active or after only a small amount of activity. You may also have difficulty breathing when lying down.
  • Heart Attack — A heart attack occurs when the blood supply to your heart is blocked. It can damage or destroy the muscle tissues of your heart.
  • Chest pain — this is usually described as a feeling of heaviness, pressure, or tightness in the chest. It may also feel like a burning sensation in the chest area.

How is congestive heart failure diagnosed?

First of all, visit a cardiologist if you notice you have a problem with your heart. Your doctor will examine you and specify whether you have heart attack problems or not. You should be well known for the symptoms of heart failure. These tests include–

  • A blood test –specifies the composition of blood and helps in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease.
  • Chest x-ray — x-ray of the chest provides a transparent image of the chest, including the heart, and helps the doctor diagnose.
  • Electrocardiogram — a painless test is showing the heart’s electrical signals. It can even show the length and timing of the Heartbeat.
  • Echocardiogram – In an echocardiogram, sound waves produce images of the heart in motion. This test can specify any default in the heart, including the heart’s valves.

How is coronary artery disease diagnosed? 

An examination done by a Health Care provider can diagnose artery disease. You have to discuss all the complications and symptoms of the body for the doctor’s information which helps to diagnose.

These tests include —

  • Exercise stress test —this test is usually advised when the person feels a heart problem during exercise. Usually, pain in the heart or the chest area is the basic symptom.
  • Heart CT scan — a CT scan of the heart can choose any of the deposits of lipids and fats in the arteries. CT scan is the best tool to diagnose coronary artery disease. 
  • Angiogram — the cardiologist, gently inserts a flexible tube into the blood vessel called a catheter. It helps in color differentiation shown in blood vessels.

Conclusion

Although both heart failure and coronary artery disease are serious, they are not the same. Coronary artery disease is caused by a buildup of plaque in the arteries that can slowly decrease the amount of blood reaching the heart. This can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, and other symptoms. On the other hand, heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. This can lead to various symptoms, including fatigue, swelling in the legs and feet, and shortness of breath.

Both heart failure and coronary artery disease require treatment, including medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes. You can consult a cardiologist in Gurgaon for the best possible treatment for congestive heart failure and coronary artery disease.

Tajinder Singh

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