Physicians who are specialized in diagnosing and treating heart diseases are known as cardiologists. Heart surgeries are done by cardiac surgeon. Chest surgeries other than heart are done by thoracic surgeon. These are two seperate specialities. Both the heart and chest surgeries are done by a cardiothoracic surgeon.
Surgical operations are performed on the heart in order to overcome life threatening conditions which is called heart surgery, it can be open-heart surgery or minimally invasive surgery depending on the condition which is to be treated.
Improving the quality of life and to extend the patients lifespan is the main purpose of surgery. Giving the quality treatment that ensures speedy recovery so that the patient can get back to healthy life.
All the surgeries involve risk similarly in Cardiac surgery risk factor is substantial and the surgery is done only when the benefits outweigh the risk. Percentage of risk factor is highest for infants and adults over age 60. Risk increases with age when the person is suffering from any heart pain and when the individual has other health problems such as diabetes, chronic kidney failure , chronic lung disease, pulmonary edema , congestive heart failure , electrolyte imbalances, alcoholism, and prior history of heart attack or stroke.
How The Cardiac Surgery Works
In order to understand the how this surgery works , firstly you need to understand the Anatomy of heart.
Muscle containing four compartments or chamber is called Heart ,which separate oxygen-poor blood from oxygen-rich blood. Top chambers is the atria, which receives blood from the body.Bottom chambers are the ventricles.They pump blood out to the body. In the right atrium the Oxygen-poor blood enters,then moves through a valve to the right ventricle. Then the blood is pumped out of the right ventricle to the lungs where it gets oxygen. Then the oxygen-rich blood returns to the left atrium of the heart through the pulmonary vein, flows through a valve to the left ventricle, and is then pumped into the aorta. Which is the only artery carrying blood out of the heart.
Heart surgery is done to correct many types of heart problems, some of them are:
- congenital heart defects
- coronary artery disease
- aneurysm repair
- heart valve defects
- end-stage heart failure requiring heart transplantation
Normally for open heart surgery which is done under anesthesia, the surgeons make 6 to 8 inch incision in the chest and then breaks the breastbone to gain access to the heart. Also In many cardiac operation the doctors need heart to be still that is it should not beat while surgery like in CABG, therefore the patient is put on a heart-lung machine or cardiopulmonary bypass. This technology is used to keep oxygen rich blood flowing in the body while the heart is not doing its function.Then the surgeons proceed with the surgical procedure needed for heart.
Getting Treatment In India
At the time of need their are lots of questions that comes to our mind and we are confused by various advice from people around us, Vaidam health is the one stop solution for all your medical problems, It is Nabh certified trusted source that help you to connect with top doctors in India which provide quality treatment with best service and care.
Indian medical system has improved a lots with all the latest techniques and equipment .the doctors are highly qualified from international medical universities and have years of experience to give best treatment facilities to their patients. Stretched across vast area Best cardiac hospitals in india hold numerous advanced laboratories, multiple operation theatres, advanced cardiac life-support ambulances, ICUs, blood banks, along with numerous beds and luxurious suites, wifi, and multi-cuisine cafeteria.
List of some Best Heart hospitals in India
- Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi
Established in the year 1988 with 285 beds. Multi Specialty About Cardiology And Cardiac Surgery at Fortis are :The hospital was awarded as the best cardiology hospital in India by Consumer Department.In last 22 years it has treated more than 70,000 patients. Asia’s first operational fluid management technology was first introduces in its cardiac unit.
Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon
It was Established in year 2009 with 1250 beds.The hospital has a vast team of 30 cardiologists, that ensures complete patient evaluation from all perspectives, also keeping this thing into consideration from many people by the ethical standards.The team has a cumulative experience of 4,000 surgeries under the team leader Dr. Naresh Trehan.
Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai
It was Established in year 1983.The hospital is counted amongst the top 10 cardiology hospitals in India as it was the first one to introduce a cutting-edge technology in cardiology. India’s first successful Trans-catheter mitral valve replacement was done in apollo. 99.6% of the cardiac bypass surgeries are beating heart surgeries, in which the heart-lung.
BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi
Established in the year 1959 with 650 beds Super Specialty About Cardiology And Cardiac Surgery at BLK the cardiology team is recognized internationally and established in the field of total arterial grafting, minimally invasive cardiac surgery, and coronary bypass surgery.The doctors have an experience of performing more than 20,000 Interventional procedures including endovascular and congenital heart procedures.